People who own firearms understand the mechanism of how firearms work, and can answer the question, “how do guns fire?” It is possible to use the power of gunpowder to propel a bullet downrange, and then the bullet continues on its journey downrange, following the trajectory that was set by the powder bullet. The energy that the bullet acquires as it spirals downrange is called momentum, and it is this momentum that propel the bullet downrange in the first place, before the projectile meets the stationary object that it is fired upon.
There are different types of firearms, including both antique and modern firearms. The most common type of firearm is the pistol. Pistols employ spring systems that must be manually cocked prior to each shot. As the spring compresses, it tightens on the frame, resulting in an accurate firing range. The majority of pistols utilize a revolving cylinder, which allows for an easy transfer of ammunition.
Other types of firearms to work in a different manner than the pistol. Long guns are basically the same as pistol firearms, except they employ a lever or trigger to cock the rifle. Lever-operated firearms generally have a slide that rotates around a bolt, and when the trigger is pulled, the slide locks into position, allowing the rifle to be cocked and fired.
Rifles are more compact, with shorter barrels and lighter weight. Rifles are typically used for long shots, although some hunters prefer them for hunting smaller game. The trajectory of a rifle bullet will travel a greater distance downrange than the bullet of a shotgun pellet. Rifles also have a firing pin that controls the primer in order to ensure a steady firing. Unlike shotguns, the firing pin in a rifle will not go off if the bolt hits anything else besides the primer. This ensures that all the energy in the bullet’s flight is focused on the round itself and does not go towards other objects in the air.
Newer guns require the shooter to cock the gun after each shot. This “clicking” process is necessary because there is no mechanism in place to allow the gun to fire when a trigger is not being pulled. Instead, the searcher at the butt of the gun must be pressed into the hammer and the firing pin is allowed to strike the primer, thereby giving the gun a potential safety hazard. For this reason, many semi-automatic firearms feature a safety latch that prevents accidental firing while the gun is still in the hand of the shooter. These latches often include a thumb break to prevent accidental firing when a thumb is already pressed into the trigger.
Shotguns are generally fired in single, consecutive shots. Unlike rifles, shotguns fire multiple shots in a single motion, enabling them to be used for close quarter combat. They may be cocked like a pistol at the front of the handle, with the firing pin positioned close to the primer. Or, shooters may use shotgun shells, which open like pistol shells but are ejected forward instead of upward into the barrel. Additionally, some shotgun shells may feature a thumb break to increase the chances of hitting a target in the head or face.